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Winter Pond Maintenance Checklist
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Winter Pond Maintenance Checklist

Pond Maintenance Checklist 

January and February are peak winter, often when the weather is at its coldest. It’s not the most exciting month for water gardening; the main objective is to ensure no significant changes to your pond’s status. If you’ve closed your pond and removed all equipment, it’s important to check in on your fish to make sure they are healthy. Check that a section of the ice is kept open, and remove snow and any debris if needed. 

  1. Inspect and Clean Pond Equipment: If you didn't store your pond equipment, check your pond pump, filters, and other equipment for debris or damage caused by winter weather. If your equipment is stored for the winter, now is a good time to clean and repair as necessary to ensure optimal performance when spring arrives.

  2. Monitor Water Quality: Use a pond water test kit to check the water levels. Monitor pH and ensure that ammonia and nitrates are within the recommended range. If levels are off, refer to our Water Treatment Guide for tips on how to remedy water quality issues. It's a good time to stock up on treatments!

  3. Remove Debris: Continue removing any debris and leaves on the pond surface. A quick skim will prevent organic materials from decomposing and affecting water quality. If your pond is frozen, keep a small hole open in the ice to release gasses and oxygenate your pond.

  4. Inspect Pond Edges: Walk around your pond and inspect its edges. Ensure that the surrounding landscape features, such as rocks and gravel, are in place and undisturbed, especially as snow and ice melt. Make any necessary repairs to prevent erosion and maintain the overall aesthetic appeal of your water feature.

  5. Plan for Spring Planting: Use February to plan your spring pond planting. Research and select suitable aquatic plants for your pond type and climate. Consider the addition of plants that filter water and contribute to oxygenation and nutrient absorption.


Get ready for planting around your pond and yard. Check bulbs and seeds: Throw away any bulbs you’ve saved for spring planting that show signs of mold. If your seeds seem too dry, you can lightly mist them with water. 

Re-apply Mulch

If your plant’s roots or crowns are showing, add more mulch. You can add more mulch to plants to help regulate the temperature and prevent erosion. Mulching is great for retaining moisture so your plants do not dry out in the winter. It also helps to keep the ground frozen and plants dormant, so the sun doesn’t warm up the plants and spark new growth, which can be damaged by frost and winter climate.

As we make it through the winter months of January and February, our attention turns to the essential tasks required for a healthy pond and healthy plants. January and February are the perfect time to continually check on your pond to make sure there is some surface area open to allow gases to escape and keep an eye on your pond fish for any signs of illness or distress. As we navigate these colder days, let's focus on the practical steps that set the stage for the warm seasons ahead. Happy winter gardening!



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